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Why is it so Hot Near the Equator?

Geography | 8-14 yrs | Animation, Video

Countries, towns and cities located around the equator experience hot weather throughout the year. It is because the sun remains almost directly overhead everyday.

Countries that are further North or South of the equator experience a change in seasons, when hot weather follows cold weather.

This happens because the Earth circles around the sun on a tilted axis. So places with seasons spend some of the year nearer to the sun and some of the year further away from it.

Living near the Equator

  • In places near the equator the sun’s rays are almost directly over head thus keeping temperature high.

Living in places with seasons

  • Countries like United Kingdom and Korea, which are further North and South from the equator experience a change of four seasons.

Living far from the Equator

  • In Antarctic, the sun’s rays strike the Earth at a very low angle and this is why the climate here is so icy cold. The ice makes this region even colder by reflecting the sun’s light and heat back into space.


  • Why is it better to launch a space craft from near the equator?
  • What is the exact length of the equator?
  • Places on the Equator experience the quickest rates of sunrise and sunset in the world. True or False?

For more interesting Geography articles and videos, visit: https://mocomi.com/learn/geography/

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  1. Hi Tafa, The equator passes through 13 countries: Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Sao Tome & Principe, Gabon, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Somalia, Maldives, Indonesia and Kiribati.

  2. Hi Yasmin,
    Here’s your answer:
    Is the desert usually near the equator? They were created by air that rises over the equator and comes down over the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.

    Why is Antarctica a desert? Because very little rain falls in Antarctica, the continent can be considered to be a desert.

    Good luck for class project.???? ????

  3. Dear Mocomi,
    I need some help. When researching for a class project about the desert, I have to answer this question: Is the desert usually near the equator, because it’s hot in climate? I also need the answer to this question: Why is Antartica a desert?

  4. Is there a worksheet to go with this video? It is great for my ESL students, just wish there was a worksheet to help them retain and pick out important information.

  5. Hi Muhammadummer, It is warm near the equator because the sun is more directly overhead rather than at an angle like it is at the poles. The areas that are hit by the rays of the sun are greater at the equator than at higher latitudes.

  6. why are the place near equator hot?
    place near the equator are hotter than places for the equator because sunrays are falling verfifalty over a small area