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Food Crops of India

Geography | 8-14 yrs | Animation, Video

India has a diverse physiography, climate and soil. Because of this, a variety of food crops are grown.
Following are the most widely cultivated food crops in India.


  • India is the second largest producer of the rice in the world.
  • It is the most important crop and 34% of India’s land is covered with rice fields.
  • Major rice producing states are: West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab.


  • Wheat is another major crop cultivated in India.
  • Uttar Pradesh cultivates 35% of the total wheat produced in the country.
  • The major wheat producing states are: Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana.


  • This crop is grown where the climate is hot and dry.
  • Maharashtra cultivates 50% of the the total jowar produced in the country.
  • Jowar producing states include: Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu.


  • Pulses are grown in dry climatic regions of India. It is a major source of protein.
  • Madhya Pradesh is the leading pulses producing state in India.
  • Madhya Pradesh Produces 24% of the total pulses in the country.

Name 5 other important crops of India. Also find out where they are grown and what are the climatic conditions necessary for their growth.

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